Language Predation: How L1Interference Contributes to Lexico-Grammar Errors in the Pupils’ Written Work among Tugen Speakers from Baringo County, Kenya
This paper progresses from the contention that human communication cannot be complete in the presence of errors that emanate from L1 interference, a phenomenon that is discernible in the written works of pupils. This paper picks the Tugen speakers from Baringo County as a sample to investigate how L1 interference contributes to lexico-grammatical errors with the aim of mitigating this unwelcome phenomenon. The paper locates its analysis within Selinker’s and Corder’sinterlanguage theory and Error Analysis conceptual frameworks. Simple random sampling was used to get a total of six students in five classes in four selected schools. The chosen pupils were Tugen speakers from Baringo district in Rift Valley province, Kenya. Data was collected using a written composition, translation test, dictation exercise and a short grammar test. The data was transcribed, organised and analysed for errors. In the final analysis, the paper contends that learners make errors while writing their compositions or when answering questions in English. These errors may hamper the L2 learners’ communicative competence thus affecting them in the end while they are writing or while they are communicating using English. Lexico-Grammar errors, in addition, should not be seen as an error or a mistake on the part of the L2 learner but a means in which he/she is trying to master the second language.